Toronto Board of Health
The Toronto board of health is holding a public hearing on the dangers of nuclear weapons on 16 April 2018.
The Hiroshima and Nagasaki Day Coalition will be tabling the Local Board of Health's1 1982 document, "Public Health Consequences of Nuclear Weapons and Nuclear War," which made recommendations, subsequently adopted by Toronto City Council, for a detailed civic policy on the nuclear threat.
Download a PDF scan (4.2Mb) of the 1982 Board of Health document below:
The 1982 Board of Health report was based on the 1981 Symposium on the Medical Consequences of Nuclear Weapons and Nuclear War organized by Physicians for Social Responsibility.
The pamphlet "You Decide: What one nuclear bomb would do to Toronto" was prepared by Physicians for Social Responsibility for the November 8, 1982 referendum on nuclear weapons authorized by Toronto City Council for that civic election.
In 1983 Mayor Art Eggleton moved that the ballot results of the November 1982 referendum be sent to the House of Commons and that City Council's decision to declare Toronto as a nuclear weapons free zone be sent to the Prime Minister of Canada.
The Toronto Board of Health has compiled all the above documents into a single file, which can be downloaded at: https://www.toronto.ca/legdocs/mmis/2018/hl/comm/communicationfile-79516.pdf
1. The Local Board of Health, which covered the pre-amalgamation City of Toronto, is the immediate predecessor of the post-1998 Toronto board of health.
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Douglas Roche's op-ed "Why Canada should sign the treaty banning nuclear arms" was published in The Globe and Mail on July 29, 2017. https://www.theglobeandmail.com/opinion/why-canada-should-sign-the-treaty-banning-nuclear-arms/article35827028/
The Globe and Mail published Elizabeth Renzetti's two-page profile of Setsuko Thurlow, "Folio: Hiroshima--An August morning, dark as night, that she can never forget" on August 5, 2017. The on-line article, with additional photographs, is entitled "In Hiroshima, one August morning in 1945 was dark as night--and this woman can't forget it," https://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/world/hiroshima/article35881700/
Ellen Brait, "Commemoration of Hiroshima Bombing Held in Toronto," Toronto Star, August 7, 2017 https://www.thestar.com/news/gta/2017/08/06/commemoration-of-hiroshima-bombing-held-in-toronto.html
Anton Wagner, "UN Votes to Abolish Nuclear Weapons," Nikkei Voice, Summer 2017 wp.me/p4pH38-2M2
Setsuko Thurlow, "Canada needs to embrace peace and sign nuclear ban treaty," Toronto Star, July 26, 2017. www.thestar.com/opinion/commentary/2017/07/26/canada-needs-embrace-peace-and-sign-nuclear-ban-treaty.html
Anton Wagner, "How Safe is Toronto from Nuclear Weapons?," Now Magazine, 1 August 2017 nowtoronto.com/news/how-safe-is-toronto-from-nuclear-weapons/
Pugwash Urges Canada to Sign Nuclear Prohibition Treaty
A Canadian Pugwash conference [July 24] urged the Government of Canada to sign the new Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons and “persist in its efforts to bring NATO into conformity with the Treaty.”
Canada, a NATO country, opposed the Treaty in a debate in Parliament, but the conference said the government should “change its own policies and practices” to put it in a stronger position to influence NATO to change its doctrine that nuclear weapons are the “supreme guarantee” of security.
Addressing the conference held in Halifax, N.S., former Canadian Senator Douglas Roche said, “Canada once tried to get NATO to change its nuclear weapons policies; it should try again.”
The conference agreed there is no legal barrier to a NATO state adhering to the Treaty and now is the moment to take advantage of the new political space opened up by the Treaty to revivify nuclear disarmament activity in Canada. Canadian Pugwash is a branch of the international Pugwash movement, which has welcomed the Prohibition Treaty as a “categorial rejection of nuclear arms.”
Nuclear Tipping Point is a conversation with four senior statesmen intimately involved in U.S. diplomacy and security over the last four decades. Former Secretary of State George Shultz, former Secretary of State Henry Kissinger, former Secretary of Defense Bill Perry and former Senator Sam Nunn share the personal experiences that led them to write two Wall Street Journal op-eds in support of working toward a world without nuclear weapons and the steps needed to get there.
- Full film on Vimeo: 55 minute or 35 minute version
- More info at the film's website at www.nucleartippingpoint.org/.
Facts & Links
- Marshall Islands tagged articles on wagingpeace.org
- Conferences on the Humanitarian Impact of Nuclear Weapons (Oslo, Nayarit, and Vienna conferences)
- Reaching Critical Will Project of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom; centrally involved in the Humanitarian Initiative (above).
- Mayors for Peace Toronto was one of the first cities to join (1984). Today, there are 4,037 member cities from 144 countries & regions.
- 2020 Vision Campaign Global effort to abolish nuclear weapons.
- Peace Magazine Celebrating over 30 years of publishing peace articles.
- Canadian Department of Peace Initiative Grassroots initiative to establish a federal department.
- Physicians for Global Survival Medical organization dedicated to preventing nuclear war.
- Science for Peace Natural scientists, engineers, social scientists, scholars against militarism, environmental destruction, and social injustice.
- Japan Council Against Atomic & Hydrogen Bombs
- Hiroshima Peace Media Center Local/international news, special coverage on nuclear disarmament & proliferation, expert commentaries, archives.
- Canadian Network to Abolish Nuclear Weapons National coalition conducting ongoing public education & lobbying.
- Abolition 2000 Global network to eliminate nuclear weapons.
Making Peace in Toronto
In Toronto, individuals and organizations involved in peacebuilding have worked with Toronto City Council on peace measures since World War II.
Selected highlights from a timeline of City of Toronto Peace Actions & Proclamations, Click here for entire timeline document (pdf)
- March 28, 1978.
- City Council urges Prime Minister Pierre Elliot Trudeau and Parliament to oppose deployment of the neutron bomb by NATO and to ask President Jimmy Carter to stop its production.
- May 7, 1982.
- City Council votes to hold a referendum on worldwide nuclear disarmament in the November 8 Municipal election.
- May 20, 1982.
- City Council urges the federal government to urge the United Nations to declare 1983 a Year of Disarmament.
- November 8, 1982.
- 78% of Torontonians who cast ballots in the municipal election vote yes to the following resolution: “Do you support nuclear disarmament by all nations on a gradual basis to the ultimate goal of a world free from nuclear weapons, and mandate your federal government to negotiate and implement with other governments steps which would lead to the earliest possible achievement of this goal?”
- January 24, 1983.
- City Council designates Toronto a Nuclear Weapons-Free Zone.
- March 7, 1983.
- City Council adopts the Inter-City Solidarity Programme proposed by the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and becomes a member of Mayors for Peace.
- October 17, 1983.
- City Council endorses the October 22 Against Cruise Testing (ACT) Toronto Disarmament Network demonstration against nuclear weapons.
- December 12, 1983.
- Toronto City Council approves the building of the Peace Garden on Nathan Phillips Square at a cost of $480,000 to commemorate the City’s 150th anniversary “by creating a lasting physical expression of our highest aspirations in our most public placeÖIn symbolizing peace and a love for mankind, it will represent our continuing struggle to avoid the devastation of war.”
- March 5, 1984.
- City Council hosts Prime Minister Pierre Elliot Trudeau turning the sod to initiate the construction of the Toronto Peace Garden.
- July 16, 1984.
- City Council endorses the Four-Continent Peace Initiative for the “freeze in the production and development of nuclear weapons and their delivery systems by the nuclear weapons states.”
- September 14, 1984.
- City Council hosts Pope John Paul II kindling the Peace Garden’s eternal flame with an ember from the Peace Memorial Park in Hiroshima and pouring water from Nagasaki in its pool.
- October 2, 1984.
- City Council hosts Queen Elizabeth II dedicating the Peace Garden as a lasting expression of Toronto’s commitment towards peace.
- City Council supports the International Shadow Project sponsored by Performing Artists for Nuclear Disarmament, with thousands of participants in Toronto.
- April 21, 1986.
- City Council approves the formation of the City of Toronto International Year of Peace Committee and allocates $50,000 to the Committee from the 1986 Operating Budget. The Peace Committee elects co-chairs Steve Shallhorn and Jack Layton
- November 13, 1986.
- The Ontario Legislature declares Ontario a Nuclear Weapons-Free Zone.
- United Nations designates Toronto a Peace Messenger City.
- July 27, 1988.
- City Council passes a motion condemning the federal government’s proposed purchase of nuclear submarines for $10 billion, believing that such expenditure would be irresponsible in the face of pressing municipal needs including housing, health promotion and infrastructure repair.
- July 13 and 14, 1989.
- City Council approves the establishment of a City of Toronto Peace Committee. Its mandate includes cooperating with and providing financial support to community groups in their initiatives to pursue peace, disarmament, common security, and the reduction of violence; providing advice to City Council on policies and issues relating to peace, disarmament and common security.
- August 6, 2001 – 2002.
- Mayor Mel Lastman proclaims “Hiroshima Day” in Toronto.
- September 19, 2004.
- Mayor David Miller Proclaims “Toronto Peace Day” as part of the celebrations of the 20th anniversary of the Peace Garden on Nathan Phillips Square.
- March 17, 2007.
- Mayor David Miller proclaims “Abolish Nuclear Weapons Day.” Torontonians celebrate a quarter century as a Nuclear Weapons-Free Zone with a rally at the Toronto City Hall Peace Garden. Watch the video on YouTube